The Orthopaedic Center, P.A.
2112 F Street NW, Suite 305
Washington D.C. 20037
Phone: (202) 770-1447
Appointments: (202) 912-8480
Fax: (202) 912-8484
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How does the Knee joint work?
Find out more in this web based movie.
Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure in which an arthroscope is inserted into a joint. Arthroscopy is a term that comes from two Greek words, arthro-, meaning joint, and -skopein, meaning to examine.
The benefits of arthroscopy involve smaller incisions, faster healing, a more rapid recovery, and less scarring. Arthroscopic surgical procedures are often performed on an outpatient basis and the patient is able to return home on the same day.
Find out more about Knee Arthroscopy from the following links.
Microfracture is a surgical procedure performed to promote the healing of damaged cartilage with the use of stem cells (progenitor cells of the body). It is considered the best procedure to treat cartilage injuries less than ½ inch or 15 mm. Microfracture is widely used to treat hip and knee injuries, but can also be performed to treat articular cartilage (tissue cushioning two bones) of the ankle joint, damaged due to an ankle sprain or break, which can lead to snapping and locking of the ankle joint, loss of motion and deep ankle pain.
ACI is commonly performed in patients with large cartilage defects. In this procedure, healthy cartilage cells are harvested arthroscopically from a non‐weight bearing part of the joint and grown in a laboratory for about 4 to 6 weeks.
Articular or hyaline cartilage is the tissue lining the surface of the two bones in the knee joint. Cartilage helps the bones move smoothly against each other and can withstand the pressure of activities such as running and jumping.
The anterior cruciate ligament is one of the major stabilizing ligaments in the knee. It is a strong rope like structure located in the center of the knee running from the femur to the tibia. When this ligament tears unfortunately, it does not heal and often leads to the feeling of instability in the knee.
ACL reconstruction is a commonly performed surgical procedure and with recent advances in arthroscopic surgery can now be performed with minimal incision and low complication rates.
ACL Reconstruction Patellar Tendon
Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), one of four major ligaments of the knee is situated at the back of the knee. It connects the thighbone (femur) to the shinbone (tibia). The PCL limits the backward motion of the shinbone.
Lateral collateral ligament (LCL) is a thin set of tissues present on the outer side of the knee, connecting the thighbone (femur) to the fibula (side bone of lower leg). It provides stability as well as limits the sidewise rotation of the knee. Tear or injury of LCL may cause instability of the knee that can be either reconstructed or repaired to regain the strength and movement of the knee.
Quadriceps tendon is a thick tissue located at the top of the kneecap. The quadriceps tendon works together with the quadriceps muscles to allow us to straighten our leg. The quadriceps muscles are the muscles located in front of the thigh.
The meniscus is the C-shaped piece of cartilage located between thighbone and shin bone that act as shock absorbers and cushion the joints. The two meniscus distribute the body weight uniformly across the joint, increases the stability of the knee and avoids the pressure on any one part of the joint and development of arthritis. Being the weight bearing part, the meniscus is prone to wear and tear and a meniscal tear is one of the common knee injuries. Meniscal tears may occur in people of all ages and is more common in active individuals or whom play sports.
Meniscal transplantation is a surgical procedure to replace a missing or severely injured meniscus of the knee with healthy cartilage from an organ donor.
Meniscectomy is a surgical procedure indicated in individuals with torn meniscus where the conservative treatments have failed to relieve the pain and other symptoms. Meniscectomy is recommended based on the ability of meniscus to heal, patient’s age, health status and activity level.
A total knee replacement (TKR) or total knee arthroplasty is a surgery that resurfaces arthritic knee joint with an artificial metal or plastic replacement parts called “prostheses.”